Manfred Nowak is Professor of International Law and Human Rights as well as Director of the Research Center Human Rights at the University of Vienna. Since January 2016, he serves as Secretary General of the European Inter-University Center for Human Rights and Democratisation (EIUC) in Venice. He is also Director of the Ludwig Boltzmann Institute of Human Rights and Vice Chair of the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) in Vienna. From 2004 to 2010 Nowak served as UN Special Rapporteur on Torture. In October 2016, he was appointed as independent expert leading the UN Global Study on Children Deprived of Liberty. He is author of more than 600 articles and various books in the field of international human rights.